Your Benefits and the New Public Charge Rule for Immigration

Graphic that says "Your benefits and the new public charge rule for immigration"

Update: March 11, 2021

On March 9, 2021, the Biden Administration took action that permanently blocks the Trump Administration's "public charge" rules. That means that the former "field guidance" rules from 1999 now apply again. Read more on the Protecting Immigrant Families website or the USCIS website.

Health care: Did you know?

This news means that applying for regular Medicaid or Dr. Dynasaur will not impact your immigration status. Also, getting a Vermont Health Connect health insurance plan and financial help for the plan does not hurt your immigration status.

Get free advice before you apply for or stop government help. Call Vermont Legal Aid at 1-800-917-7787 or visit

Ask for help

Do you want to know if you are eligible for a benefit program? Aren’t sure if your legal status is subject to the public charge test? Have other civil legal questions? Call us at 1-800-889-2047 or fill out our online form. Your information will be sent to Legal Services Vermont, which screens requests for help for both Vermont Legal Aid and Legal Services Vermont. We may also refer you to other organizations for help. Our services are free and confidential.

For questions about eligibility for medical programs, contact the Office of the Health Care Advocate at 1-800-917-7787. Our services are free and confidential.

See our Immigration & Citizenship page for groups that can help you with immigration questions.



Update: February 24, 2020

The public charge rule went into effect on February 24, 2020. We will update this page if the rule changes. The Biden administration is reviewing the rule now.

The public charge rule does not apply to every immigrant. Many immigrants are exempt.


Update: January 31, 2020

Supreme Court temporarily clears “public charge” regulation: The U.S. Supreme Court temporarily set aside the preliminary injunctions that prevented the Department of Homeland Security’s public charge rule from taking effect nationwide. This was the last of the three district court nationwide injunctions in force. It means the Department of Homeland Security rule can go into effect nationwide, except in Illinois where it is blocked by a statewide injunction. Read more about your rights on the Protecting Immigrant Families website.

The rule will go into effect on February 24, 2020.

See “Ask for help” below if you have questions about benefits.


Update: October 11, 2019

Federal courts issued national injunctions blocking any implementation of the Trump administration’s “public charge” regulations. As a result, the public charge regulations, which were scheduled to be implemented on October 15, are blocked across the country. Learn more on the National Immigration Law Center website.


Originally posted August 21, 2019

Unless it is blocked by the courts, the United States government will change how it makes “public charge” decisions starting October 15, 2019. “Public charge” or the “public charge test” is used by immigration officials to decide whether a person can enter the United States or get a green card (Lawful Permanent Resident or “LPR” status). On August 20, 2019, Vermont filed a lawsuit to try to stop the rule from taking effect or to delay its implementation date.

In the public charge test, immigration officials look at all of a person’s circumstances, including income, employment, health, education or skills, family situation, and whether a sponsor has signed a contract (“affidavit of support”) promising to support the person. Officials can also look at whether a person has used specific benefit programs, which under the rule currently in place, were limited to cash assistance programs like Reach Up (TANF). Public charge decisions look at these factors to determine if a person is likely to depend on benefits in the future, and can refuse to grant the person’s application to enter the U.S. or get a green card.

Important things to know

  • The public charge rule does not apply to every immigrant. Many immigrants are exempt. The rule does not apply to refugees, asylees, lawful permanent residents (green card holders) applying for citizenship, and many other statuses. If you are not sure if your status is included, call us at 1-800-889-2047.
  • Benefits received by exempt family members are not counted against you if you are covered by the rule. For example, if you are a conditional LPR and your citizen children are on Dr. Dynasaur, your children’s medical benefits are not going to be counted against you.
  • The rule does not take effect until October 15, 2019, and it still may be stopped by court order. Vermont has filed a lawsuit to try to stop the rule from taking effect. It will not be applied to benefits that you received before October 15.
  • Vermont has filed a lawsuit to try to stop the rule from taking effect and to delay it until the court makes a final decision. If you are eligible for a benefit now (the ones listed as a, b, c or d below), you do not have to end the benefit at this time. Call us at 1-800-889-2047 if you have a question about benefits.
  • Even if you are not exempt from the rule and you are receiving benefits, every situation is different. You can consult with an immigration attorney if you have questions about your own case.
  • Your personal information is protected by federal and state privacy laws. Agencies that run the public benefit programs may share information with other government agencies only for purposes of administering their programs, with limited exceptions.

Under the new rule (unless it is blocked by court order) the government will consider these benefits in the public charge test starting October 15, 2019:

  1. Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP, “EBT,” “Food Stamps” or “3SquaresVT” in Vermont)
  2. Federal Public Housing and Section 8 assistance
  3. Medicaid, with important exceptions. (The rule does not apply to Medicaid coverage for children under 21, or for Medicaid coverage for pregnant mothers up until 60 days after they give birth. In Vermont this type of Medicaid is called Dr. Dynasaur.)
  4. Medicare Savings Programs
  5. Cash assistance programs (like SSI, TANF/Reach Up, General Assistance)

Services that are not listed above will not be counted in the new public charge test. This includes WIC, Dr. Dynasaur, Advance Premium Tax Credit that helps pay for your plan on Vermont Health Connect, Extra Help for Medicare Part D plans, LIHTC housing, Rural Development subsidized housing, school lunches, food banks, shelters and many more. If you aren’t sure if a particular benefit program is included, call us at 1-800-889-2047.  

Get informed

These are helpful websites to keep up with the news on this new public charge rule:

Updated: Apr 23, 2021