Unemployment Benefits in Response to COVID-19 Coronavirus
Translations: Af Soomaali / Somali, العربية / Arabic, မြန်မာစာ / Burmese, Ikirundi / Kirundi, Kiswahili / Swahili, नेपाली / Nepali, Français / French. Translations supported by the University of Vermont Medical Center.
Updated on 4/24/2020 3 p.m.
If you lost your job or had your hours cut due to the COVID-19 coronavirus, you probably can get some help. You can apply for benefits even if your employer says not to. Employers do not make decisions about unemployment benefits — the state does.
Am I eligible for unemployment benefits during the COVID-19 crisis?
You should apply if you:
were laid off or let go
had your hours cut
were hired but couldn’t start due to COVID-19
had to leave work to care for a child whose school or childcare center closed due to COVID-19
had to leave work to care for a household member diagnosed with COVID-19
had to quarantine under doctor’s orders
were diagnosed with COVID-19 or have symptoms and need diagnosis
cannot work due to stay-at-home orders
asked your employer to work remotely for health reasons and your employer said "no"
- left work because your employer was not following safety guidelines and was exposing you to an unreasonable risk of getting COVID-19.
If you can't work because you are in quarantine, sick, caring for a family member who is sick, or caring for a child, you should check whether you are eligible for Vermont earned sick time and federal COVID-19 paid leave. Do this before applying for unemployment. See our page about the new federal paid leave law.
Remember, it doesn’t matter if your employer says “you’re not laid off” or “you’re not furloughed.” The state decides whether the reason you left work qualifies you for unemployment, not your employer.
Am I eligible even if I’m a “gig worker,” self-employed, freelancer or an independent contractor?
Yes! If you are self-employed, an independent contractor or freelancer, you could be eligible if you meet the other criteria listed above.
Visit this Department of Labor web page to learn how to apply.
Note: Has your small business applied for a "Paycheck Protection" SBA loan or economic injury disaster loan? Does this funding allow you to maintain regular hours? If yes, then you probably can't get unemployment under any of the new programs.
What if I didn’t meet the minimum work history requirements this year?
Yes! Even if you do not have significant work history you may be able to get unemployment benefits during this time.
Am I eligible if I am not a citizen of the United States?
Generally, if you are not a United States citizen, you are eligible for unemployment benefits if you have a valid authorization to work in the United States right now and you had one when you were working. The National Employment Law Project has an overview of what we know, and don’t know, about your eligibility for unemployment benefits in this time.
Undocumented immigrants cannot get unemployment benefits.
How much money can I expect to receive every week?
Typically the state figures your weekly benefit amount using this formula. The maximum benefit is $513/week.
If you are now eligible for unemployment because of COVID-19 (for example, because you don’t have much work history or you are an independent contractor), Vermont is still writing the rules for how your benefit will be calculated. The amount will range between $191/week (half of the state average unemployment benefit in the last quarter) and $513/week.
If you file a weekly claim you will also get an extra $600 of “pandemic unemployment compensation” every week. This money is available until July 31, 2020. You can get it even if you are just receiving partial unemployment.
How long can I get unemployment insurance benefits during the crisis?
If you are eligible, you can get unemployment benefits for up to 39 weeks or until December 31, 2020 — whichever comes first.
What if I already used up my 26 weeks of unemployment this year?
If you file another claim and you are eligible, you can get another 13 weeks of extended unemployment benefits. Be sure to re-file to apply for this.
What information do I need to apply?
Look at the list at the bottom of this page on the Vermont Department of Labor website. Be ready with as much information as you can.
An adjudicator from the Department of Labor may contact you and/or your employer if:
information is missing, or
you and your employer disagree about any of these issues.
Do your best to help the adjudicator find the information they need. Tell them if you do not have access to any of this information.
How do I apply?
In Vermont, initial claims for unemployment compensation must be done by phone or online. Call 1-877-214-3330 or 1-888-807-7072. The Vermont Department of Labor has an online form. Complete the form here.
Before you contact the Department of Labor to make a claim, gather information from their list of required information. The Department of Labor is handling a lot of phone calls so it may take some time to get through by phone.
If you are an independent contractor, self-employed or a “gig” worker, visit this Department of Labor web page to learn how to apply.
How long do I have to wait?
At this time, the Department of Labor doesn't have a waiting period for unemployment benefits.
In normal times, it usually takes about two weeks to get your first payment. Because of the pandemic, you may have to wait longer. It’s not possible to know exactly when you will get your first payment.
Do I have to do anything after I become eligible?
Keep filing your claim every week that you are not able to work or your hours were cut. If your last name starts with A-E, file your weekly claim on Mondays, F-L on Tuesdays, M-R on Wednesdays and S-Z on Fridays.
Until the Department of Labor says otherwise, you do not need to prove that you are searching for work. The Department of Labor does not want people to endanger their health or the health of others during the coronavirus pandemic. You do not need to show that you got job interviews, attended job fairs, and so on.
How will this affect my other benefits, housing and health care?
Do you get public assistance such as 3SquaresVT (food stamps), fuel assistance, General Assistance, Reach-Up or SSI? If so, you have to report the money you get from unemployment to each of those programs. Generally you should report the money within 10 days of when you start to get unemployment. Your other benefits may be reduced or stopped while you are getting unemployment, depending on how much you get in unemployment benefits. You should also report to each of these programs when you are no longer eligible for unemployment benefits. That way you can get your 3SquaresVT, fuel assistance, General Assistance, Reach-Up and SSI back.
If you have subsidized housing, you should report your unemployment benefits to:
- your landlord (if you live in a subsidized building), or
- your housing authority (if you get rental assistance such as a Section 8 voucher).
If you live in Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD) multi-family housing, HUD counts unemployment benefits as income. But HUD will not count the 2020 stimulus checks or the extra $600/week in 2020 unemployment benefits from the federal government. Your share of the rent may go up while you get unemployment benefits. You should also report when your unemployment benefits stop, so that your rent share goes down again.
Medicaid also counts this unemployment money, except for the $600/week in “pandemic unemployment compensation.” You should report your unemployment money to Vermont Medicaid. We think most people should be able to get the extra unemployment benefits and keep their Medicaid. If you get a letter that says your Medicaid is changing or ending, contact us at the Office of the Health Care Advocate (HCA). Call 1-800-917-7787 to speak with a health care advocate, or fill out our Help Request Form. The HCA is a free service for Vermonters.
What happens if I’m denied?
You have 30 days from the date on the written notice to appeal. But some denials may get resolved without an appeal. The Department of Labor is dealing with a lot of applications right now, and about half of them are receiving initial denials because the system does not have enough information. Before appealing, you can try contacting the Department of Labor on the day designated for you to see if you are one of the people who will likely have their claim resolved. If your last name starts with A-E, call on Mondays, F-L on Tuesdays, M-R on Wednesdays and S-Z on Fridays.
We can help you decide whether or not you need to appeal your unemployment denial. Fill out our form and we will call you back. Your information will go to Legal Services Vermont, which screens requests for help for both Vermont Legal Aid and Legal Services Vermont. You can also call us at 1-800-889-2047.
If you do have to appeal, make sure you mail a letter to the Department of Labor within 30 days of the date on your denial or "determination letter." Tell them you want to appeal. You also may send your appeal by email, fax or drop it off, but however you send it, it has to be within 30 days of the date of the denial letter. See the Department of Labor’s website for details on what to include in your appeal letter. Keep a copy of your letter.
If you’d rather use an appeal form, you can use the UI Claimant Appeal form. Fill it out and save a copy for yourself.
An Administrative Law Judge (ALJ) will review your claim and the denial and you will have a phone hearing. See the back of your Notice of Hearing or the Department of Labor’s website for details on the appeals process.